Incontinence and voiding dysfunction involves problems with a complex series of interactions among the brain, nervous system and organs of the pelvis. There are many causes of incontinence, many of which are treatable with non-surgical and surgical therapies. Men and women can both be affected by bladder and urinary control problems. Accurate diagnosis and treatment planning is essential to successful treatment. Any treatment should be individualized to take into account the degree of symptoms and bother from the condition, as well as preference for surgical and non-surgical therapy.