Heather Di Carlo, M.D.

Assistant Professor
Division of Pediatric Urology
Director of Pediatric Urology Research
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

Charlotte Bloomberg Children's Center 1800 Orleans Street Suite 7304-B Baltimore, MD 21287

Appointments: 410-955-6108

Office: 443-287-5078

Email: hdicarl1@jhmi.edu

Fax: 410-614-8096

Dr. Di Carlo is an Assistant Professor of Pediatric Urology and Director of Pediatric Urology Research at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and the James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute.  Dr. Di Carlo treats all pediatric urological disorders in young males and females, while specializing in renal sparing surgery and complex reconstruction of the genitourinary tract in patients with the exstrophy-epispadias complex, disorders of sexual development (DSD) and other congenital anomalies. 

Dr. Di Carlo has special clinical and basic science interests in the exstrophy-epispadias complex, spina bifida, and renal transplantation. 

A native of New York, Dr. Di Carlo graduated from Emory University with a B.S. in neuroscience and music, and the State University of New York at Stony Brook School of Medicine.  Following general surgery and urology residency training at Stony Brook Medical Center, she completed a pediatric urology fellowship at the James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute. 



Emory University 1997-2001
Atlanta, GA  
B.S. Neuroscience & Behavior Biology/B.A. Music, May 2001
St. Andrews University 2001-2002 
St. Andrews, Scotland      
Robert T. Jones Memorial Scholarship Recipient
Stony Brook University School of Medicine 2002-2006                        
Stony Brook, NY
M.D., May 2006
Stony Brook University Medical Center                                                
Stony Brook, NY
General Surgery Intern/Resident, July 2006-June 2008
Urologic Surgery Resident, July 2008-June 2011
Urologic Surgery Chief Resident, July 2011-June 2012
James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute                                             
The Johns Hopkins Children's Center 
Baltimore, MD
Pediatric Urology Fellow July 2012-June 2014


Peer Reviewed Scientific Publications

  1. Melquist J, Sharma V, Sciullo D, McCaffrey H, Khan SA.  Current Diagnosis and Management of Syringocele: A Review.  Int Braz J Urol. 2010; 36(1):3-9.

  2. Massanyi EZ, Di Carlo HN, Midgeon CJ, Gearhart JP.  Review and Management of 46XY Disorders of Sex Development.  J Pediatr Urol.  2013 Jun;9(3)368-79.

  3. Inouye BM, Massanyi EZ, Di Carlo H, Shah BB, Gearhart JP.  Modern Management of Bladder Exstrophy Repair.  Curr Urol Rep. 2013 Aug;14(4):359-65.

  4. Suson KD, Preece J, Baradaran N, Di Carlo HN, Gearhart JP.  The Fate of the Complete Female Epispadias and Female Bladder Exstrophy:  Is There a Difference?  J Urol.  2013 Oct;190(4 Suppl):1583-8.

  5. Massanyi EZ, Shah B, Schaeffer AJ, DiCarlo HN, Sponseller PD, Gearhart JP.  Persistent Vesicocutaneous Fistula After Repair of Classic Bladder Exstrophy:  A Sign of Failure?  J Pediatr Urol.  2013 Dec;9(6 Pt A):867-71.

  6. Shah B, Massanyi EZ, Di Carlo H, Shear D, Kern A, Baradaran N, Gearhart JP.  Role of urethral bulking agents in epispadias-exstrophy complex patients.  J Pediatr Urol.  2014 Feb;10(1):176-80. 

  7. Tourchi A, Inouye BM, Di Carlo HN, Young E, Ko J, Gearhart JP.  New Advances in the pathophysiologic and radiologic basis of the exstrophy spectrum.  J Pediatr Urol.  2014 Apr;10(2):212-218. 

  8. Supe-Markovina K, Melquist J, Di Carlo HN, Connolly D, Caputo J, Fine R, Waltzer W, Darras F.  Alemtuzumab with corticosteroid minimization for pediatric deceased donor renal transplantation: A seven-year experience.  Pediatr Transplant.   2014 Jun;18(4):363-8.

  9. Shah BB, Di Carlo H, Goldstein SD, Pierorazio PM, Inouye BM, Massanyi EZ, Kern A, Koshy J, Sponseller P, Gearhart JP.  Initial bladder closure of the cloacal exstrophy complex: outcome related risk factors and keys to success.  J Pediatr Surg.  2014 Jun;49(6):1036-9.

  10. Inouye BM, Tourchi A, Di Carlo HN, Young EE, Mhlanga J, Ko JS, Sponseller PD, Gearhart JP.  Safety and efficacy of staged pelvic osteotomies in the modern treatment of cloacal exstrophy.  J Pediatr Urol.  2014 Aug 12.

  11. Lavien G, Di Carlo HN, Shah BB, Eifler J, Massanyi E, Stec A, Sponseller PD, Gearhart JP.  Impact of pelvic osteotomy on the incidence of inguinal hernias in classic bladder exstrophy.  J Pediatri Surg.  2014 Oct;49(10):1496-9.

Book Chapters

  1. McCaffrey H, Hellinger JC, Epelman M.  The Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex.  In: Reid JR, Lee EY, Paladin A, Carrico C (Eds.) Pediatric Radiology.  2013.  Oxford, UK.  Oxford University Press. 

  2. Di Carlo HN, Benson JE, Gearhart JP.  Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex (Classic Bladder Exstrophy & Cloacal Exstrophy), Prune Belly Syndrome & Bladder Augmentation.  In: Palmer LS & Palmer JS (Eds.) Pediatric and Adolescent Uroradiology.  2013.  New York, NY.  Springer Science & Business Media LLC. 

  3. Di Carlo HN, Gearhart JP.  Reconstruction of Congenital Problems of the Vulvovaginal Region.  In: Salgado CJ & Redett R (Eds.) Aesthetic and Functional Surgery of the Genitalia.  2013.  Hauppauge, NY.  Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 

  4. Young EE, Di Carlo HN, Massanyi EZ, Gearhart JP.  Correction of Hypospadias, Epispadias, and Bladder Exstrophy.  In: Salgado CJ & Redett R (Eds.) Aesthetic and Functional Surgery of the Genitalia.  2013.  Hauppauge, NY.  Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 


  1. McCaffrey H, Melquist J, Mishail A, Wasnick R.  An Effective and Efficient Approach to Retrograde Ablation of Posterior Urethral Valves.  AUA Annual Meeting, Video Presentation.  Washington DC.  May 2011.

  2. Melquist J, McCaffrey H, Miles R, Frischer Z, Bhalla R.  Robotic-Assisted Insertion of an Artificial Urinary Sphincter after Pelvic Trauma and Urethral Disruption (Video).  Minimally Invasive Robotics Association Conference, Athens, Greece.  May 2011. 

  3. Melquist J, McCaffrey H, Park R, Baron P, Waltzer W, Bhalla R.  Oddities of the Pelvis—Management of Atypical Masses in the Pelvis.  30th World Congress of Endourology.  Istanbul, Turkey.  Sept 2012.

  4. Melquist J, McCaffrey H, Miles RA, Frischer Z, Bhalla R.  Robotic-Assisted Insertion of an Artificial Urinary Sphincter:  Solutions for Stress Incontinence in Complex and Trauma Patients." American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress. Chicago, IL.  Oct 2012.


  • American Urological Association (Candidate Member, 2008-Present)

  • Endourological Society (Candidate Member, 2008-Present)

  • Society for Pediatric Urology (Candidate Member, 2012-Present)

Awards & Honors

Alpha Omega Alpha

First Prize, Ferdinand C. Valentine Urology Residents Essay Contest, The New York Academy of Medicine and The New York Section of the American Urological Association, 1985 and 1986

Alumni Hall of Fame, Florence County School District, South Carolina

Distinguished Alumni Award, Furman University, Greenville, S.C.

Urology Care Foundation Distinguished Scholar Alumnus

Distinguished Contribution Award from the American Urological Association