Heather   Di Carlo, M.D.
Heather Di Carlo, M.D.

Assistant Professor
Division of Pediatric Urology
Director of Pediatric Urology Research
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

Charlotte Bloomberg Children's Center 1800 Orleans Street Suite 7304-B Baltimore, MD 21287

Appointments: 410-955-6108

Office: 443-287-5078

Email: hdicarl1@jhmi.edu

Fax: 410-614-8096


Peer Reviewed Scientific Publications

  1. Melquist J, Sharma V, Sciullo D, McCaffrey H, Khan SA.  Current Diagnosis and Management of Syringocele: A Review.  Int Braz J Urol. 2010; 36(1):3-9.

  2. Massanyi EZ, Di Carlo HN, Midgeon CJ, Gearhart JP.  Review and Management of 46XY Disorders of Sex Development.  J Pediatr Urol.  2013 Jun;9(3)368-79.

  3. Inouye BM, Massanyi EZ, Di Carlo H, Shah BB, Gearhart JP.  Modern Management of Bladder Exstrophy Repair.  Curr Urol Rep. 2013 Aug;14(4):359-65.

  4. Suson KD, Preece J, Baradaran N, Di Carlo HN, Gearhart JP.  The Fate of the Complete Female Epispadias and Female Bladder Exstrophy:  Is There a Difference?  J Urol.  2013 Oct;190(4 Suppl):1583-8.

  5. Massanyi EZ, Shah B, Schaeffer AJ, DiCarlo HN, Sponseller PD, Gearhart JP.  Persistent Vesicocutaneous Fistula After Repair of Classic Bladder Exstrophy:  A Sign of Failure?  J Pediatr Urol.  2013 Dec;9(6 Pt A):867-71.

  6. Shah B, Massanyi EZ, Di Carlo H, Shear D, Kern A, Baradaran N, Gearhart JP.  Role of urethral bulking agents in epispadias-exstrophy complex patients.  J Pediatr Urol.  2014 Feb;10(1):176-80. 

  7. Tourchi A, Inouye BM, Di Carlo HN, Young E, Ko J, Gearhart JP.  New Advances in the pathophysiologic and radiologic basis of the exstrophy spectrum.  J Pediatr Urol.  2014 Apr;10(2):212-218. 

  8. Supe-Markovina K, Melquist J, Di Carlo HN, Connolly D, Caputo J, Fine R, Waltzer W, Darras F.  Alemtuzumab with corticosteroid minimization for pediatric deceased donor renal transplantation: A seven-year experience.  Pediatr Transplant.   2014 Jun;18(4):363-8.

  9. Shah BB, Di Carlo H, Goldstein SD, Pierorazio PM, Inouye BM, Massanyi EZ, Kern A, Koshy J, Sponseller P, Gearhart JP.  Initial bladder closure of the cloacal exstrophy complex: outcome related risk factors and keys to success.  J Pediatr Surg.  2014 Jun;49(6):1036-9.

  10. Inouye BM, Tourchi A, Di Carlo HN, Young EE, Mhlanga J, Ko JS, Sponseller PD, Gearhart JP.  Safety and efficacy of staged pelvic osteotomies in the modern treatment of cloacal exstrophy.  J Pediatr Urol.  2014 Aug 12.

  11. Lavien G, Di Carlo HN, Shah BB, Eifler J, Massanyi E, Stec A, Sponseller PD, Gearhart JP.  Impact of pelvic osteotomy on the incidence of inguinal hernias in classic bladder exstrophy.  J Pediatri Surg.  2014 Oct;49(10):1496-9.

Book Chapters

  1. McCaffrey H, Hellinger JC, Epelman M.  The Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex.  In: Reid JR, Lee EY, Paladin A, Carrico C (Eds.) Pediatric Radiology.  2013.  Oxford, UK.  Oxford University Press. 

  2. Di Carlo HN, Benson JE, Gearhart JP.  Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex (Classic Bladder Exstrophy & Cloacal Exstrophy), Prune Belly Syndrome & Bladder Augmentation.  In: Palmer LS & Palmer JS (Eds.) Pediatric and Adolescent Uroradiology.  2013.  New York, NY.  Springer Science & Business Media LLC. 

  3. Di Carlo HN, Gearhart JP.  Reconstruction of Congenital Problems of the Vulvovaginal Region.  In: Salgado CJ & Redett R (Eds.) Aesthetic and Functional Surgery of the Genitalia.  2013.  Hauppauge, NY.  Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 

  4. Young EE, Di Carlo HN, Massanyi EZ, Gearhart JP.  Correction of Hypospadias, Epispadias, and Bladder Exstrophy.  In: Salgado CJ & Redett R (Eds.) Aesthetic and Functional Surgery of the Genitalia.  2013.  Hauppauge, NY.  Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 


  1. McCaffrey H, Melquist J, Mishail A, Wasnick R.  An Effective and Efficient Approach to Retrograde Ablation of Posterior Urethral Valves.  AUA Annual Meeting, Video Presentation.  Washington DC.  May 2011.

  2. Melquist J, McCaffrey H, Miles R, Frischer Z, Bhalla R.  Robotic-Assisted Insertion of an Artificial Urinary Sphincter after Pelvic Trauma and Urethral Disruption (Video).  Minimally Invasive Robotics Association Conference, Athens, Greece.  May 2011. 

  3. Melquist J, McCaffrey H, Park R, Baron P, Waltzer W, Bhalla R.  Oddities of the Pelvis—Management of Atypical Masses in the Pelvis.  30th World Congress of Endourology.  Istanbul, Turkey.  Sept 2012.

  4. Melquist J, McCaffrey H, Miles RA, Frischer Z, Bhalla R.  Robotic-Assisted Insertion of an Artificial Urinary Sphincter:  Solutions for Stress Incontinence in Complex and Trauma Patients." American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress. Chicago, IL.  Oct 2012.

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